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no image Tuesday, September 19, 2017 by Vitor Santa Rita

Mixer (with op-amp) of noise and signal

Hello.

The schematic attached is the circuit I am designing. It is to continuously generate noise at the ADC while there is no signal, and signal+noise when a signal is generated by the DAC. Noise level may be adjustable by R7.

As I have a few components (1DAC, 1ADC, 1op-amp), it is a very basic design. Sorry if I say something wrong because my field of work is not exactly EE.

Common-mode voltage of op-amp is at 1.65V so that DAC varies from 0 to 3.3 while ADC receives from 3.3 to 0, respectively. The inverted value after op-amp will be correct at digital processing after ADC.

I opted noise to come from zener diode, with AC coupled with the C1 (47uF) capacitor that gives high-pass filter with fc=3Hz.

Low-pass filter after DAC has fc=7.2MHz. I intend to generate kind of square wave at DAC, so I am afraid about fc because rising edge of square wave requires high frequency. So, is fc=7.2MHz ok?

R3 and R8 are 10K (high value) but they are not a problem because op-amp input impedance is also too high. Is this ideia correct?

Output current of DAC is at most 1.65/10K = 165uA (output may be negative, i.e., to inside the DAC). Is this alright to DAC MAX5189?

Any positive comment is welcome.

Thanks.

Vitor



Noise-generator.png

Comments

  • by  Vitor Santa Rita (edited)
    Hello. I simulated the circuit with LTspice, and changed some components. Capacitor C1 needed a resistor to ground to make high-pass filter work. And because of the resistor, it changed op-amp gain. Then I added another capacitor (C4 in the new schematic attached) to AC couple op-amp again. All in all the simulations said everything is ok! Schematic for LTspice simulation is also attached.
    • by  Vitor Santa Rita (edited)
      Answering the question "Low-pass filter after DAC has fc=7.2MHz. I intend to generate kind of square wave at DAC, so I am afraid about fc because rising edge of square wave requires high frequency. So, is fc=7.2MHz ok?". The kind of square wave generated with low-pass filter with fc=72.Mhz considering sampling at 20Mhz is the one attached.
  • by  Vitor Santa Rita (edited)
    Answering the question "Low-pass filter after DAC has fc=7.2MHz. I intend to generate kind of square wave at DAC, so I am afraid about fc because rising edge of square wave requires high frequency. So, is fc=7.2MHz ok?". The kind of square wave generated with low-pass filter with fc=72.Mhz considering sampling at 20Mhz is the one attached.

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